The Month of Muharram
The best of
fasts besides the month of Ramadan is the fast during Allah's month of
Muharram and the best of Salaats besides the Fardh (obligatory Salaat)
is the Tahajjud Salaah (performed after midnight). (Sahih Muslim).
Virtue of The Fast of Aashura
With regard to the blessing of this fast, Nabi (salallaho alaihi
wasalam) was asked regarding it's virtue. He answered, 'It is a
compensation for the sins of the past year.' i.e. the sins of one year
that has just gone by will be forgiven. Muslim, Vol. 1).
Note: Only minor sins are forgiven. For the forgiveness of major sins, Towbah (repentance) is a prerequisite.
The Fast of Aashura
Ibn Abbaas (RA) narrates that when Nabi (salallaho alaihi wasalam) came
to Madinah and found the Jews fasting on the day of Aashura, he
inquired, 'What is the significance of this day on which you fast?' They
replied, 'This is the day Allah saved the prophet Moosa (AS) and his
followers and drowned Fir'oun and his army, thus Moosa (AS) fasted on
this day as a token of thanksgiving. Therefore we too fast on this day.'
( Muslim, Vol 1).
Rasulullah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said,
'We are more worthy of Moosa (AS) and nearer to him than you.'
Thereafter, he fasted on this day and ordered the Sah-aabah (companions)
to fast on this day. ( Muslim, Vol. 1)
(salallaho alaihi wasalam) is reported to have said, 'Observe the fast
of Aashura and oppose (the way of) the Jews. Fast a day before it (also)
or a day after it.' (Baihaqi, Vol 4)
should fast for two days: Either the 9th and 10th or the 10th and 11th.
To fast only on the 10th of Muharram is MAKROOH (reprehensible) and
bears semblance to the Jews.
Generosity to One's Family
Besides fasting on the day of Aashura, being generous to one's family
and spending more than what is normally spent on food, etc. is an act of
great merit. It is mentioned in a Hadith, 'He who will be generous to
his family on the day of Aashura, Allah will be generous to him for the
May Allah (swt) this New Year bring many opportunities to all of us, to
explore many joy of life, and may all our resolutions for the days
ahead stay firm, turning all our dreams into reality and all our great
efforts into great achievements... (Ameen)